Air pollution causes acid rain, smoky fog and thinning of the ozone layer. However, the most important effect of air pollution is observed on human health. According to the statement by the World Health Organization, air pollution is at the top of the list of problems the world will face in 2019. According to the report of the World Health Organization, 9 out of every 10 people in the world breathe polluted air and 7 million people die annually due to diseases caused by air pollution.
It is aimed to raise awareness in the society about air pollution and its impact on human health through the Improving Air Quality and Raising Public Awareness in Cities in Turkey Project – CityAir. In line with this purpose, trainings will be organized in many provinces and individuals from all age groups will be informed about the negative effects of low air quality on human health.
Within the scope of the project, cooperation will be established with local municipalities, and the technical and administrative capacities of the competent authorities will be enhanced in order to solve the air pollution problem. With the emission measurements, the air quality of cities will be constantly monitored and changes in air quality will be reported by relevant units. In the long run, it is expected that health problems due to air pollution will decrease significantly with increasing awareness and effective combat.
Effects of air pollution on public health
Every day, more than 19 m3 (23 kilograms) of air moves inside & out of the lungs of an average person with an average weight. This amount varies according to the age and physical activity of the individual.
The quality of respiration is a major factor in the effective functioning of human metabolism and the air inhaled, is fundamental to that process.
When air pollutants first enter the respiratory system, they move past the lungs before reaching the circulatory system where they are carried around the body and capable of affecting all physiological processes.
Every year, 8 million people die because of air pollution. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared that air pollution is the main environmental cause of death from cancer.
Recent studies show that the risk of premature death and getting heart and respiratory diseases (Asthma, COPD, etc.), paralysis, cancer, and similar diseases caused by exposure to air pollution increase not just in children and also in older people as well. On the other hand air pollution is linked with especially heart and respiratory system diseases. Reduction of air pollution will also decrease death rates.
People most affected by air pollution
- Patients with lung diseases such as asthma, COPD,
- Patients with cardiovascular diseases
- Patients with other serious illnesses like diabetes
- Children and babies
- The elderly
- Pregnant women