Air quality workshop will be held in Kahramanmaraş as part of CityAir project.
Within the scope of CityAir project which is implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, awareness studies are being carried out and solution suggestios are being developed to improve air quality of 31 cities in Turkey.
Technical information and administrative capacities of municipalities and competent authorities will be increased in order to solve the problem of air pollution through site visits and trainings in the Kahramanmaraş air quality workshop that will be attended by authorities from Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, Mersin, Osmaniye and Kahramanmaraş in December.
Air pollution, which has become one of the biggest environmental problems all over the world, has reached a dangerous level that threatens the fundamental right of people to breathe fresh air. Air pollution is at the top of the list of the most important problems faced people announced by the World Health Organization in 2019. 9 out of 10 people breathe polluted air in the world and 7 million people die every year due to diseases caused by air pollution.
Especially the poor quality fuels used in industry and house heating and the large number of vehicles in transportation are the main factors affecting the air quality negatively. Air pollution, which poses a significant threat to human health, especially for children, the elderly and pregnant women, also causes major economic losses. The health impact of air pollution on the economy has reached billions of dollars all over the world. According to recent researches, air pollution causes an economic loss of 300 billion euros per year in Europe.
CityAir Project that funded by the Republic of Turkey and European Union and implemented within the Ministry, aims to raise the air quality thus the quality of life and to raise public awareness in the direction of Turkey's EU Environmental Acquis scope and conventions which Turkey is a counterparty.
Within the scope of the project, the air quality of cities is continuously monitored by emission measurements and the changes in air quality are reported by the related units. It is expected that health problems due to air pollution will decrease significantly in consequence of increased awareness and effective struggle. In this direction, technical information and administrative capacities of municipalities and competent authorities will be increased in order to solve the air pollution problem of Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, Mersin, Osmaniye ve Kahramanmaraş cities through site visits and trainings in the Kahramanmaraş air quality workshop. In the workshop that will be organized for the purpose of improving the air quality of the mentioned cities, one day allocated for the site visits. Three-day training will include the creation, calculation, basic principles and objectives of the province-specific emission inventory, and emission inventories, modeling, and the necessary topics of air quality management.
The biggest cause of premature death is air pollution
An average persons lungs have 12 cubic meters of air (more than 15 kilograms) per day. This amount varies according to the person's age and physical activity. The quality of respiration is a major factor in fulfilling the functions of human metabolism. Every year, 7 million people die due to the effects of air pollution, this amount is 5 percent of all deaths. Airborne pollutants first enter the human respiratory system. Pollutants pass through the lungs and enter the circulatory system, thus damaging other physiological processes. In 2016, the World Health Organization declared air pollution that is cause of premature death of millions of people around the world, the most important environmental cause of cancer. Not only children and the elderly; It is known that everyone who is exposed to air pollution has an increased risk of heart and respiratory diseases (asthma, COPD, etc.), paralysis, cancer and similar diseases and premature death. On the other hand, especially the deaths caused by heart and respiratory system diseases are directly related to air pollution, and if the air pollution is reduced, the mortality rates will decrease.
Air pollution affects many health problems
Increase in lung cancer cases
Increased frequency of chronic asthma attacks
Increased frequency of breast constriction
Increased incidence of cough / sputum
Increased acute respiratory system disorders
Increased eye, nose and throat damage
Decrease in breathing capacity
Increased mortality due to respiratory problems
Decrease in work efficiency and production
Increase in health care costs
About the CityAir Project
CityAir Project that is funded by Republic of Turkey and European Union, is being carried out to improve the air quality in 31 provinces in Turkey. Within the scope of the project, efforts are made to raise awareness of air quality and air pollution issues at municipalities, decision makers, children, women and different levels of society. Provinces involved in the project; Aydın, Denizli, İzmir, Manisa, Muğla, Uşak, Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kahramanmaraş, Kilis, Mersin, Osmaniye, Amasya, Çorum, Giresun, Ordu, Samsun, Sinop, Sivas, Tokat, Afyon, Aksaray, Antalya, Burdur, Isparta, Karaman, Kayseri, Konya, Nevşehir ve Niğde.
Objectives of the project
Main objectives of the project that set out to increase capacity through institutions to solve air pollution are preparation of local fresh air action plan in 31 provinces, identification of measures to be taken to struggle air pollution on a sectoral basis, particularly in transportation, industry, urbanization and agriculture and preparation of emission reduction road map. Air quality workshops and site visits to increase the capacity of the final beneficiary personnel in 31 cities to prevent air pollution through specific training activities are crucial for training local staff.